Targeted Use of Antibiotics
Some antibiotics are crucial in the treatment for certain human and/or animal diseases. Misuse of these antibiotics contributes to therapy failure in humans and animals. Guidelines to help veterinarians to make prudent choices are available, but basic principles to consider are:
- Dosage: a correct dose and therapy duration are crucial in avoiding resistance selection and spread.
- Group administration vs individual administration: group administration causes a higher selection pressure compared to individual treatments.
- Administration route: feed medication and water medication are more likely to cause resistance selection and spread than injections. There are different reasons for this, e.g. dosage is less precise, there is a risk of cross-contamination with the environment etc.