210 Research paper – Milita – 2017 – Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in commensal escherichia coli producing ESBLAMPC isolated from caecal samples of slaughered pigs in Romania

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210 Research paper – Milita – 2017 – Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in commensal escherichia coli producing ESBLAMPC isolated from caecal samples of slaughered pigs in Romania

In Significant Impact Groups:
AMU reduction strategies \ Monitoring and surveillance Disease/health
Species targeted: Pigs;
Age: Adult;
Summary:
Where to find the original material:
Country: RO
The monitoring of the antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli commensal strains isolated from caecal samples collected from slaughtered pigs was implemented for the first time in Romania, in 2015, by testing a number of 399 samples. The prevalence of commensal ESBL/AmpC producing E. coli strains isolated from the slaughtered strains were resistant to cefotaxime (100%), ampicillin (100%), cefepime (91.93%), ceftazidime (90.13 %), sulfamethoxazole (73.54%), tetracycline (71.30 %), trimethoprim (62.33%), ciprofloxacin (53.81%), chloramphenicol (41.70%), nalidixic acid (39.91%), gentamicin (20.63%), cefoxitin (20.63%), azithromycin (14,35%), colistin (3.59%), ertapenem (1.79%). This survey shows that the pigs slaughtered in Romania during the year 2015 were colonized, in a proportion of more than 60%, with strains resistant to cephalosporins, sulfonamides, tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones. The results obtained will provide important insight into effects of using antimicrobials at animals.