DISARM will share information on how to improve animal health and reduce the need for antibiotic use for pigs kept in indoor and outdoor systems. Each system type has its own challenges regarding animal health. For example, an indoor system offers better control of sow production performance and introduction of pathogens, but air quality, skin and locomotion conditions are often poorer compared to outdoor systems. Specific challenges and farm management practices will vary from farm to farm, so our multi-actor farm health team approach seeks to develop action plans which are tailored to individual farms.

Key risk factors to pig health may arise from housing, feeding, stocking density, transportation, hygiene and biosecurity etc. Behavioural issues including tail biting can result in injuries becoming infected and requiring antibiotic treatments. You can learn more about potential health risks on your farm and possible solutions by joining us at our events and workshops or accessing our resource materials which include a database of cutting-edge research and innovations, an online discussion group, short reports and informative videos.

DISARM will also work with other livestock sectors including cattle, poultry and sheep. There are commonalities across animal health risks and preventive measures. We believe working together to learn across species and sectors is a valuable way to improve animal health in livestock farming and reduce the need for antibiotic treatments.

Thermal decontamination of animal transport trucks: DrySist

IBERICO: Extensive Pig Production in Spain

PRRS Control in pig farms: Pilot project

Assessing Biosecurity with Biocheck

Vaccination for the control and eradication of disease

494 – What are the needs for education and professional training of livestock farmers and their advisors for an integrated management of health (Research paper – Manoli – 2020)

486 – Unweaving tangled mortality and antibiotic consumption data to detect disease outbreaks – Peaks growths and foresight in swine production (Research paper – Adewole – 2016)

485 – Gut Health of Pigs_ Challenge Models and Response Criteria with a Critical Analysis of the Effectiveness of Selected Feed Additives — A Review (Research paper – Adewole – 2016)

484 – A randomized controlled trial to evaluate performance of pigs raised in antibiotic-free or conventional production systems following challenge with PRRSV (Research paper – Dee – 2018)

483 – A retrospective study on the etiological diagnoses of diarrhea in neonatal piglets in Ontario Canada between 2001 and 2010 (Research paper – Chan – 2013)

470 – Strategies to improve the growth and homogeneity of growing-finishing pigs – Feeder space and feeding management (Research paper – Lopez-Verge – 2018)

469 – Applicability of an Unmedicated Feeding Program Aimed to Reduce the Use of Antimicrobials in Nursery Piglets – Impact on Performance and Fecal Microbiota (Research paper – López-Colom – 2020)

436 Water medication calculator by 3Tres3 (Tools & Checklists)

429 DRYSIST by OPP Group & Castañe (Industry Innovation)

428 Cadavers hydrolisis by Biosecuritas (Industry Innovation)

411 – Passive immunisation an old idea revisited – Basic principles and application to modern animal production systems (Research paper – Hedegaard – 2016)

405 – Code of Good Practice Regarding the Responsible Prescribing and Use of Antibiotics in Farm Animals by Irish Farmers IFA and Veterinary Practitioners (Tools & Checklists)

Acidification of drinking water: why and how?

How to take a good water sample for lab analysis?

Biosecurity measures on Pig Farms

Best Practice Guide: Prudent use of Antibiotics

Best Practice Guide: Vaccination Protocols

Best Practice Guide: Youngstock Management and Early Rearing

Best Practice Guide: Water Quality

Best Practice Guide: Precision Livestock Technologies

Best Practice Guide: Optimal Housing

Best Practice Guide: External biosecurity

Best Practice Guide: Internal Biosecurity

398 -Technological tools for infection detection Case studies with the SOMO respiratory distress monitor in Belgian pig farms (Research paper – Cui – 2019)

381- Effects of dietary hop B-acids or colistin on the performance nutrient digestibility and intestinal health of weanling pigs (Research paper – Sbardellaa – 2016)

380- Effects of quaternary benzo(c)phenanthridine alkaloids on growth performance shedding of organisms and gastrointestinal tract integrity (Research paper – Robbins – 2013)

378 – Effects of dietary allicin on health and growth performance of weanling piglets and reduction in attractiveness of faeces to flies (Research paper – Huang – 2011)

377- Use of a micro-encapsulated eucalyptus-medium chain fatty acid product as an alternative to zinc oxide and antibiotics for weaned pigs (Research paper – Yung-Keun Han – 2011)

376- Effect of Brazilian red pepper Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi essential oil on performance diarrhea and gut health of weanling pigs (Research paper – Gois – 2016)

364 LalFilm PRO by by Lallemand (Industry Innovation)

358 – Perceptions and attitudes regarding antibiotic resistance in Germany – A cross-sectoral survey amongst physicians veterinarians farmers and the general (Research paper – Schneider – 2018)

356 – Experiments in animal farming practice – The case of decreasing the use of antimicrobials in livestock France (Research paper – Joly – 2016)

344 – Usage of Antibiotics in Agricultural Livestock in the Netherlands in 2017 Trends and benchmarking of livestock farms and veterinarians (Research report – Sda – 2018)

343 – Associations between antimicrobial use and the prevalence of resistant micro-organisms Is it possible to benchmark livestock farms based on resistance data (Research report – Sda – 2016)

337 – Understanding antimicrobial use and prescribing behaviours by pig veterinary surgeons and farmers – A qualitative study (Research paper – Coyne – 2014)

336- Quantitative and qualitative analysis of antimicrobial usage patterns in 180 selected farrow-to-finish pig farms from nine European countries (Research paper – Sarrazin – 2018)

333- Preliminary study of the effect of sow washing as performed on the farm on livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin status of the sow’s skin or nares (Research paper – Verhegghe – 2013)

330 – Factors potentially linked with the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in selected bacteria from cattle chickens and pigs – A scoping review (Research paper – Murphy – 2018)

329 – Comparison of competitive exclusion with classical cleaning and disinfection on bacterial load in pig nursery units (Research paper – Luyckx – 2016)

328 – A 10-day vacancy period after cleaning and disinfection has no effect on the bacterial load in pig nursery units (Research paper – Luyckx – 2016)

322 – Antimicrobial Resistance on Farms – A Review Including Biosecurity and the Potential Role of Disinfectants in Resistance Selection (Research paper – Davies – 2019)

321 – Risk Factors for AMR in Escherichia coli in Pigs Receiving Oral Antimicrobial Treatment – A Systematic Review (Research paper – Burow – 2017)

309 – Role of Feed Processing on Gut Health and Function in Pigs and Poultry_ Conundrum of Optimal Particle Size and Hydrothermal Regimens (Research paper – Kiarie – 2019)

303 – Antimicrobial Usage and -Resistance in Livestock – Where Should We Focus (Research paper – Magouras – 2017)Research paper – Magouras – 2017

296 – The effect of vaccination on the transmission of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in pigs under field conditions (Research paper – Villarreal – 2011)

295 – A systemic integrative framework to describe comprehensively a swine health system Flanders as an example (Research paper – Rojo-Gimeno – 2018)

294 – Oral administration of synthetic porcine beta-defensin-2 improves growth performance and cecal microbial flora and down-regulates the expression of intestinal toll-like receptor-4 and inflammatory cytokines in weaned piglets challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (Research paper – Tang – 2016)

293 – Effects of dietary hop beta-acids or colistin on the performance nutrient digestibility and intestinal health of weanling pigs (Research paper – Sbardella – 2016)

289 – Effects of quaternary benzo(c)phenanthridine alkaloids on growth performance shedding of organisms and gastrointestinal tract integrity in pigs (Research paper – Robbins – 2013)

288 – Effects of dietary allicin on health and growth performance of weanling piglets and reduction in attractiveness of faeces to flies (Research paper – Huang – 2010)

287 – Use of a micro-encapsulated eucalyptus-medium chain fatty acids product as an alternative to zinc oxide and antibiotics (Research paper – Han – 2011)

285 – Effect of Brazilian red pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) essential oil on performance diarrhea and gut health of weanling pigs (Research paper – Gois – 2016)

251 Drinkwatercheck varkenshouderij by ZLTO (Tools & Checklists)

250 Welzijnscheck by POV (Tools & Checklists)

237 Meat transparency and traceability by Wageningen University GS1 Germany European EPC Competence Center De Hoeve KDV Westfort De Heus (Industry Innovation)

236 Multidrug resistant Salmonella enterica isolated from conventional pig farms using antimicrobial agents in preventative medicine programme (Research paper – Cameron-Veas, 2018)

225 Developing integrated livestock breeding and management strategies to improve animal health product quality and performance in European organic and low input milk (Industry Innovation)

221 Key actors in driving behavioural change in relation to on-farm biosecurity – A Northern Ireland perspective (Research paper – Lahuerta-Marin, 2018)

218 – Network analysis of cattle and pig movements in Sweden – Measures relevant for disease control and risk based surveillance (Research paper – Noremark – 2011)

212 – Temporal Relationship Between Decrease in Antimicrobial Prescription for Danish Pigs and the Yellow Card Legal Intervention Directed at Reduction of Antibiotics (Research paper – Jensen – 2014)

211 – Biosecurity Practices in Spanish Pig Herds – Perceptions of Farmers and Veterinarians of the Most Important Biosecurity Measures (Research paper – Simon-Griffe – 2013)

210 – Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in commensal escherichia coli producing ESBLAMPC isolated from caecal samples of slaughered pigs in Romania (Research paper – Milita – 2017)

205 – The prevalence of salmonlla serotypes in domestic and wild animals and their spatial distribution in Romania between 2015 and 2016 (Research paper – Neghirla – 2018)

198 – Reduced use of antimicrobials after vaccination of pigs against porcine proliferative enteropathy in a Danish SPF herd (Research paper – Bak – 2009)

197 – A register-based study on associations between vaccination antimicrobial use and productivity in conventional Danish finisher pig herds (Research report – Brinch – 2019)

191 A Comparison of Pig Farmers and Veterinarians Perceptions and Intentions to Reduce Antimicrobial Usage in Six European Countries (Research paper – Visschers, 2016)

189 Perceptions of antimicrobial usage antimicrobial resistance and policy measures to reduce antimicrobial usage (Research paper – Visschers, 2015)

185 Quantitative and qualitative antimicrobial usage patterns infarrow-to-finish pig herds in Belgium France Germany and Sweden (Research paper – Sjolund, 2016)


180 Sales of veterinary antimicrobial agents in 30 European countries in 2016. Trends from 2010 to 2016 8th ESVAC report by European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimic (Industry Innovation)

177 Farm-economic analysis of reducing antimicrobial use whilst adopting improved management strategies on farrow-to-finish pig farms (Research paper – Rojo-Gimeno, 2016)

176 Association between antimicrobial usage biosecurity measures as well as farm performance in German farrow-to-finish farms (Research paper – Raasch , 2018)

170 Limited association between disinfectant use and either antibiotic or disinfectant susceptibility of Escherichia coli in both poultry and pig husbandry (Research paper – Maertens, 2019)

168 PIA vaccin by MSD Animal Health (Industry Innovation)

167 Evaluation of the relationship between the biosecurity status production parameters herd characteristics and antimicrobial usage in farrow-to-finish pig Research paper – Postma, 2016)

166 The biosecurity status and its associations with production and management characteristics in farrow-to-finish pig herds Research paper – Postma, 2016)

165 Assigning defined daily doses animal_ a European multi-country experience for antimicrobial products authorized for usage in pigs (Research paper – Postma, 2015)

164 EPRUMA Best-practice framework for the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals in the EU – Reaching for the next level by EPRUMA (Tools & Checklists)

163 Best-practice framework for the use of vaccines in animals by EPRUMA – European Platform for the Responsible Using of Medicines in Animals (Tools & Checklists)

162 Alternatives to the use of antimicrobial agents in pig production_ A multi-country expert-ranking of perceived effectiveness feasibility and return (Research paper – Postma, 2015)

161 Bacteriological evaluation of vaccination against Salmonella Typhimurium with an attenuated vaccine in subclinically infected pig herds (Research paper – Peeters, 2019)

159 Pig cattle and poultry farmers with a known interest in research have comparable perspectives on disease prevention and on-farm biosecurity (Research paper – Laanen, 2014)

148 Review of transmission routes of 24 infectious diseases preventable by biosecurity measures and comparison of the implementation of these measures (Research paper – Filippitzi, 2018)

143 Effect of administration of organic acids in drinking water on faecal shedding of E. coli performance parameters and health in nursery pigs (Research paper – De Busser, 2011)

142 Using the Biocheck UGent scoring tool in Irish farrow-to-finish pig farms_ assessing biosecurity and its relation to productive performance (Research paper – Da Costa – 2019)

135 Effectiveness of alternative measures to reduce antimicrobial usage in pig production in four European countries (Research paper – Raasch, 2020)

132 Application of multiblock modelling to identify key drivers for antimicrobial use in pig production in four European countries (Research paper – Collineau, 2018)

131 EMA and EFSA Joint Scientific Opinion on measures to reduce the need to use antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry in the European Union (Research report – EMA EFSA, 2017 )

128 Herd-specific interventions to reduce antimicrobial usage in pig production without jeopardising technical and economic performance (Research paper – Collineau – 2017

127 Factors associated with specific health welfare and reproductive performance indicators in pig herds from five EU countries (Research paper; Chantziaras, 2018)

121 Antimicrobial Stewardship in Food Animals in Canada_ Progress on Recommendations and Stakeholder Activities by National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Council (Industry Innovation)

118 FAAST- Farmed Animal Antimicorbial Stewardship Veterinary Reference Manual by ACER Consulting and Ontario Veterinary Medical Association ( Industry Innovation)

110 Presence of Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use in sows are risk factors for antimicrobial resistance in their offspring (Research paper; Callens, 2015)

108 Guidance on the Selection of Appropriate Indicators for Quantification of Antimicrobial Usage in Humans and Animals (Research paper; Collineau, 2016)

Drinking water medication: beware of interference

Prevention of (blue-green) algae in drinking water sources

Why and how to prevent biofilm formation in drinking water pipes

Effective water vaccination: the importance of water quality

Bring out slurry and manure – but avoid spreading of pathogens

Internal Biosecurity on Pig Breeding Farms

Genomic selection

Management in batches in pigs

96 Oregano oil by Nottingham Trent University (Farm Innovation)

95 DANMAP by DANMAP (Farm Innovation)

Step-by-step plan for water sampling

Step-by-step plan for the acidification of drinking water

Aim for zero antibiotics by 3 step approach

Galacto Oligosaccharides for improving health of newborn piglets

91 Cola and vaccination by Dutch vet (Industry Innovation)

88 KS Kempfarm systems by KS Kempfarm systems (Farm Innovation)

86 Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains in Swiss Pigs and Their Relation to Isolates from Farmers and Veterinarians (Research paper; Kittl, 2020)

64 Consumption of Antimicrobials in Pigs, Veal Calves, and Broilers in The Netherlands: Quantitative Results of Nationwide Collection of Data in 2011 (Research paper; Bos, 2013)

55 Attitudes and perceptions of Dutch veterinarians on their role in the reduction of antimicrobial use in farm animals (Research paper; Speksnijder, 2015)

Risk factors for ESBL-producing Escherichia coli on pig farms: A longitudinal study in the context of reduced use of antimicrobials (Research paper; Dohmen, 2017)

50 Determinants Associated with Veterinary Antimicrobial Prescribing in Farm Animals in the Netherlands: A Qualitative Study (Research paper; Speksnijder, 2014)

42 Antibiotic guidance by AMCRA (Farm Innovation)

34 Ecoantibio by French Agricultural Ministry (Farm Innovation)

27 Quantitative assessment of antimicrobial resistance in livestock during the course of a nationwide antimicrobial use reduction in the Netherlands (Research paper; Dorado-Garcia, 2016)

26 Potential dietary feed additives with antibacterial effects and their impact on performance of weaned piglets: A meta-analysis (Research paper, Vanrolleghem et al., 2019)

18 Seges online course by Seges (Farm Innovation)

17 Indic@Vet by Ceva/Sanders

15 GVET by AACTING (Farm Innovation)

5 Enriched Housing Reduces Disease Susceptibility to Co-infection with Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Virus (PRRSV) and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Research paper; Van Dixhoorn, 2016)

Best practice recommendations regarding biosecurity and boars

Best practice recommendations regarding cleaning and disinfection

Best practice recommendations regarding entrance control

Automatic spray system of Animal Life Plus

WEBINAR: Optimising animal health in pig farming (in Dutch)

Carcass disposal using an exchangeable storage system

Biosecurity on a farrow-to-finish farm

Preventing streptococcal infections 

Connected audits to protect pig health 

GVET : to get an electronic medicine books for pigs

Feeding stations for group housed sows 

Handling of dead animals: Hydrolysis

Environmental control in the farrowing unit

Real-time health monitoring in pigs

Purchasing policy and quarantine of breeding gilts

Weaning piglets

Cleaning and disinfecting on poultry, pig and dairy farms

How to use a hygiene lock

Coating surfaces in poultry, pig and dairy farms

Optimizing water quality on poultry, pig and dairy farms

Pest prevention on poultry, pig and dairy farms

The right working method: Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 817591