DISARM will share information about improving the health of poultry reared for meat, with some relevance to laying hens, in order to reduce the need for antibiotic treatments. Broiler chickens are often reared in indoor systems, but free-range farms are becoming increasingly popular. Farm management practices and animal health challenges differ from farm to farm, so our multi-actor farm health team approach aims to develop tailored action plans for individual farms.

Key risk factors to poultry health largely relate to internal biosecurity in indoor systems, and external biosecurity for free-range systems. Through selective breeding, the growth rate of poultry has increased greatly over recent years and is linked to various health problems which often require antibiotics. High stocking densities and ammonia concentrations, particularly in indoor systems reduce the air quality and contribute to higher rates of respiratory diseases, particularly those caused by E. coli, a major cause of antibiotic use. You can learn more about potential health risks on your farm and possible solutions by joining us at our events and workshops or accessing our resource materials which include a database of cutting-edge research and innovations, an online discussion group, short reports and informative videos.

DISARM will also work with other livestock sectors including cattle, pigs and sheep. There are commonalities across animal health risks and preventive measures. We believe working together to learn across species and sectors is a valuable way to improve animal health in livestock farming and reduce the need for antibiotic treatments.

Feeding probiotics to broilers

Assessing Biosecurity with Biocheck

Vaccination for the control and eradication of disease

520 Reducing the use of antibiotics in the palmipeds sector What is the reality in terms of uses and what strategy? (Research report – Litt et al., 2016)

519 Support an approach to reduce the antimicrobial use at a poultry farm level – integrate human factors comprehension in technical advices toward farmers(Research report; Rousset et al., 2018)

517 The participatory support approach applied to biosecurity in poultry farming : Teaching of an “initial diagnosis” step (Research report; Rousset, et al. 2020)

516 AMBIDEM by ITAVI (Tools & Checklists)

515 PULSE by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

514 PULSE by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

512 PULSE by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

509 AQUAPROTECT by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

506 Ref²Avi by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

504 Quality water factsheet by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

503 – Overview of a bibliographic awareness service on scientific publications on alternatives to antibiotics in poultry production over a year (Research paper – Dedet – 2016)

429 DRYSIST by OPP Group & Castañe (Industry Innovation)

419 – Effects of a protected inclusion of organic acids and essential oils as antibiotic growth promoter alternative on growth performance, intestinal morphology and gut microflora in broilers(Research paper – Yanli – 2017)

418 – Biochemical proximates of pumpkin Cucurbitaeae spp and their beneficial effects on the general well‐being of poultry species (Research paper – Achilonu – 2017)

411 – Passive immunisation an old idea revisited – Basic principles and application to modern animal production systems (Research paper – Hedegaard – 2016)

405 – Code of Good Practice Regarding the Responsible Prescribing and Use of Antibiotics in Farm Animals by Irish Farmers IFA and Veterinary Practitioners (Tools & Checklists)

403 – Selective breeding for high natural antibody level increases resistance to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli APEC in chickens (Research paper – Berghof – 2019)

Acidification of drinking water: why and how?

How to take a good water sample for lab analysis?

Best Practice Guide: Prudent use of Antibiotics

Best Practice Guide: Vaccination Protocols

Best Practice Guide: Youngstock Management and Early Rearing

Best Practice Guide: Water Quality

Best Practice Guide: Precision Livestock Technologies

Best Practice Guide: Optimal Housing

Best Practice Guide: External biosecurity

Best Practice Guide: Internal Biosecurity

365 – A review of environmental enrichment for laying hens during rearing in relation to their behavioral and physiological development (Research paper – Campbell – 2019)

364 LalFilm PRO by by Lallemand (Industry Innovation)

358 – Perceptions and attitudes regarding antibiotic resistance in Germany – A cross-sectoral survey amongst physicians veterinarians farmers and the general (Research paper – Schneider – 2018)

356 – Experiments in animal farming practice – The case of decreasing the use of antimicrobials in livestock France (Research paper – Joly – 2016)

344 – Usage of Antibiotics in Agricultural Livestock in the Netherlands in 2017 Trends and benchmarking of livestock farms and veterinarians (Research report – Sda – 2018)

343 – Associations between antimicrobial use and the prevalence of resistant micro-organisms Is it possible to benchmark livestock farms based on resistance data (Research report – Sda – 2016)

330 – Factors potentially linked with the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in selected bacteria from cattle chickens and pigs – A scoping review (Research paper – Murphy – 2018)

322 – Antimicrobial Resistance on Farms – A Review Including Biosecurity and the Potential Role of Disinfectants in Resistance Selection (Research paper – Davies – 2019)

314 The Seed Feed and Weed approach to managing intestinal health in drug-free production systems by The Poultry Informed Professional (Industry Innovation)

309 – Role of Feed Processing on Gut Health and Function in Pigs and Poultry_ Conundrum of Optimal Particle Size and Hydrothermal Regimens (Research paper – Kiarie – 2019)

303 – Antimicrobial Usage and -Resistance in Livestock – Where Should We Focus (Research paper – Magouras – 2017)Research paper – Magouras – 2017

274 – RefA2vi Towards the formalization of a French professional reference network on the use of antibiotics at poultry farm level (Research paper – Rousset – 2019)

272 – Early postnatal rearing conditions of broilers influencing antibiotic use and mortality in the first 10 days (Research paper – Rousset – 2017)

271 – Control of environmental conditions during a long wait for the day-old chick at the hatchery before breeding – What are the impacts on the quality and (Research paper – Puterflam – 2019)

264 – Obstacles and incentives for broiler farmers to set up preventive measures against the avian colibacillosis (Research paper – Gery-Choquet – 2019)

262 – Assessment of biofilm in pipes of breeders houses and effect of purge on biofilm mastering and water quality (Research paper – Dennery – 2017)

257 Richtlijn Veterinair handelen bij vleeskuikens rondom de opzet en in de eerste levensweek op het vleeskuikenbedrijf by Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Diergen (Tools & Checklists)

229 – The blaNDM-1-Carrying IncA C2 Plasmid Underlies Structural Alterations and Cointegrate Formation In Vivo (Research paper – Hadziabdic – 2019)

225 Developing integrated livestock breeding and management strategies to improve animal health product quality and performance in European organic and low input milk (Industry Innovation)

221 Key actors in driving behavioural change in relation to on-farm biosecurity – A Northern Ireland perspective (Research paper – Lahuerta-Marin, 2018)

205 – The prevalence of salmonlla serotypes in domestic and wild animals and their spatial distribution in Romania between 2015 and 2016 (Research paper – Neghirla – 2018)

195 Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Campylobacter spp Isolated from Broiler Chicken Meat of Estonian Latvian and Lithuanian Origin at Estonian Retail (Research paper – Maesaar, 2016)


180 Sales of veterinary antimicrobial agents in 30 European countries in 2016. Trends from 2010 to 2016 8th ESVAC report by European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimic (Industry Innovation)

170 Limited association between disinfectant use and either antibiotic or disinfectant susceptibility of Escherichia coli in both poultry and pig husbandry (Research paper – Maertens, 2019)

164 EPRUMA Best-practice framework for the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals in the EU – Reaching for the next level by EPRUMA (Tools & Checklists)

163 Best-practice framework for the use of vaccines in animals by EPRUMA – European Platform for the Responsible Using of Medicines in Animals (Tools & Checklists)

159 Pig cattle and poultry farmers with a known interest in research have comparable perspectives on disease prevention and on-farm biosecurity (Research paper – Laanen, 2014)

157 Excential Butycoat by Orffa (Industry Innovation)

150 Biocheck Ugent – A quantitative tool to measure biosecurity at broiler farms and the relationship with technical performance and antimicrobial use (Research paper – Gelaude, 2014)

131 EMA and EFSA Joint Scientific Opinion on measures to reduce the need to use antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry in the European Union (Research report – EMA EFSA, 2017 )

121 Antimicrobial Stewardship in Food Animals in Canada_ Progress on Recommendations and Stakeholder Activities by National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Council (Industry Innovation)

118 FAAST- Farmed Animal Antimicorbial Stewardship Veterinary Reference Manual by ACER Consulting and Ontario Veterinary Medical Association ( Industry Innovation)

108 Guidance on the Selection of Appropriate Indicators for Quantification of Antimicrobial Usage in Humans and Animals (Research paper; Collineau, 2016)

Drinking water medication: beware of interference

Prevention of (blue-green) algae in drinking water sources

Why and how to prevent biofilm formation in drinking water pipes

Effective water vaccination: the importance of water quality

Bring out slurry and manure – but avoid spreading of pathogens

HACCP based biosecurity plan for a laying hen farm

Biosecurity measures on poultry farms

Genomic selection

95 DANMAP by DANMAP (Farm Innovation)

Step-by-step plan for water sampling

Step-by-step plan for the acidification of drinking water

Microbial toxin elimination by selective binding

Aim for zero antibiotics by 3 step approach

86 Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains in Swiss Pigs and Their Relation to Isolates from Farmers and Veterinarians (Research paper; Kittl, 2020)

85 A ‘meta-analysis’ of effects of post-hatch food and water deprivation on development, performance and welfare of chickens (Research paper; De Jong, 2017)

73 Modelling concentrations of antimicrobial drugs: comparative pharmacokinetics of cephalosporin antimicrobials and accuracy of allometric scaling in food-producing and companion animals (Research paper; Avene, 2016)

64 Consumption of Antimicrobials in Pigs, Veal Calves, and Broilers in The Netherlands: Quantitative Results of Nationwide Collection of Data in 2011 (Research paper; Bos, 2013)

55 Attitudes and perceptions of Dutch veterinarians on their role in the reduction of antimicrobial use in farm animals (Research paper; Speksnijder, 2015)

51 Phages by Intralytix Omnilytixs (Farm Innovation)

50 Determinants Associated with Veterinary Antimicrobial Prescribing in Farm Animals in the Netherlands: A Qualitative Study (Research paper; Speksnijder, 2014)

47 Flock health plan by Poultry Health Service (Farm Innovation)

42 Antibiotic guidance by AMCRA (Farm Innovation)

34 Ecoantibio by French Agricultural Ministry (Farm Innovation)

33 Biosecurity video by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

32 Biosecurity sheets by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

31 H@tch vet expert by Merial (Farm Innovation)

30 COLISEE study by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

27 Quantitative assessment of antimicrobial resistance in livestock during the course of a nationwide antimicrobial use reduction in the Netherlands (Research paper; Dorado-Garcia, 2016)

22 PartAge by ITAVI (Farm Innovation)

21 Refa2vi project by SYNALAF (Farm Innovation)

20 Cider vinegar in water by Mr Wijnen (Farm Innovation)

17 Indic@Vet by Ceva/Sanders

13 Predict and Prevent by Prognostixs (Farm Innovation)

11 PULSE by ITAVI (Tools & checklists)

Best practice recommendations regarding cleaning and disinfection

Best practice recommendations regarding entrance control

Automatic spray system of Animal Life Plus

Carcass disposal using an exchangeable storage system

Slower growing broiler crosses for reduced antibiotic use

Breeding for resilience in poultry: dual purpose chickens  

Handling of dead animals: Hydrolysis

Role of biosecurity in small-scale broiler chicken production

Flushing the drinking pipes in broiler farming

Cleaning and disinfecting on poultry, pig and dairy farms

How to use a hygiene lock

Coating surfaces in poultry, pig and dairy farms

Optimizing water quality on poultry, pig and dairy farms

Pest prevention on poultry, pig and dairy farms

The right working method: Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 817591