DISARM will share information on how to improve animal health and reduce the need for antibiotic use for dairy and beef cattle in housed and grazing systems. Cattle farms are highly varied, some using permanent indoor housing, others offering part- or full-time access to pasture. Other variations include farm and herd sizes, cattle breed, geographical location and climate. Cattle systems must balance optimizing biological function with economic efficiency, requiring interconnected technical, technological, managerial, economic and social activities. The specifics of these activities will differ from farm to farm, which is why our multi-actor farm health team approach seeks to develop tailored action plans for individual farms.

Key risk factors to cattle health may arise from cattle housing, feeding, stocking density, transportation and running an open rather than closed herd, etc. Selective breeding, particularly for high milk production in dairy cows, may contribute to health problems like lameness, mastitis, reproductive and metabolic disorders which often require antibiotic treatments. You can learn more about potential health risks on your farm and possible solutions by joining us at our events and workshops or accessing our resource materials which include a database of cutting-edge research and innovations, an online discussion group, short reports and informative videos.

DISARM will also work with other livestock sectors including pigs, poultry and sheep. There are commonalities across animal health risks and preventive measures. We believe working together to learn across species and sectors is a valuable way to improve animal health in livestock farming and reduce the need for antibiotic treatments.

254 Industry Innovation – Cow bath by Timmerman

252 ToolsChecklists – Drinkwatercheck melkveehouderij by ZLTO

244 Industry Innovation – Time to Vaccinate_ The importance of preventive health and vaccination programmes in ruminant production by MSD Animal Health

243 Research paper – Cowley – 2014 – Aspects of bovine herpesvirus 1 and bovine viral diarrhoea virus herd-level seroprevalence and vaccination in dairy and beef herds in Northern Ireland

228 Industry Innovation – Early Lameness Detection Through Machine Learning by Waterford Institute of Technology ENGS Dairy University of Strathclyde Herdsy

225 Industry Innovation – Developing integrated livestock breeding and management strategies to improve animal health product quality and performance in European organic and low input milk

224 Research paper – Roche – 2018 – Review_ New considerations to refine breeding objectives of dairy cows for increasing robustness and sustainability of grass-base

221 Research paper – Lahuerta-Marin – 2018 – Key actors in driving behavioural change in relation to on-farm biosecurity_ a Northern Ireland perspective

218 Research paper – Noremark – 2011 – Network analysis of cattle and pig movements in Sweden_ measures relevant for disease control and risk based surveillance

217 Research paper – Frossling – 2012 – Application of network analysis parameters in risk-based surveillance – Examples based on cattle trade data and bovine infections in Sweden

216 Research paper – Frossling – 2014 – A novel method to identify herds with an increasedprobability of disease introduction due to animal trade

205 Research paper – Neghirla – 2018 – The prevalence of salmonella serotypes in domestic and wild animals and their spatial distribution in Romania between 2015 and 2016

204 Research paper – Saraz – 2018 – Study regarding seasonal incidence of fluoroquinolons in cow raw milk and their relationship with somatic cells count

201 Research paper – Saraz – 2017 – Evaluation of antibiotic residue incidence in dairy milk and correlation with various milk quality parameters

194 Research paper – Terentjeva – 2019 – Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli Enterococcus spp and the Major Foodborne Pathogens in Calves in Latvia


180 Industry Innovation – Sales of veterinary antimicrobial agents in 30 European countries in 2016. Trends from 2010 to 2016 8th ESVAC report by European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimic

173 Industry Innovation – BVD fact sheet by BVD Free England

169 ToolsChecklists – Tree hedge for cows by Vanla

164 ToolsChecklists – EPRUMA Best-practice framework for the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals in the EU – Reaching for the next level by EPRUMA

163 ToolsChecklists – Best-practice framework for the use of vaccines in animals by EPRUMA – European Platform for the Responsible Using of Medicines in Animals

159 Research paper – Laanen – 2014 – Pig cattle and poultry farmers with a known interest in research have comparable perspectives on disease prevention and on-farm biosecurity

152 ToolsChecklists – Rispoval IBR Marker vaccines by Zoetis

146 ToolsChecklists – How to use Orbeseal teat sealant by Zoetis


131 Research report – EMA EFSA – 2017 – EMA and EFSA Joint Scientific Opinion on measures to reduce the need to use antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry in the European Union

126 Research paper – Emanuelson – 2018 – Biosecurity and animal disease management in organic and conventional Swedish dairy herds_ a questionnaire study

121 Industry Innovation – Antimicrobial Stewardship in Food Animals in Canada_ Progress on Recommendations and Stakeholder Activities by National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Council

118 Industry Innovation – FAAST- Farmed Animal Antimicorbial Stewardship Veterinary Reference Manual by ACER Consulting and Ontario Veterinary Medical Association

112 Research paper – Catry – 2016 – Effect of Antimicrobial Consumption and Production Type on Antibacterial Resistance in the Bovine Respiratory and Digestive Tract

109 Research paper – Down – 2016 – A Bayesian micro-simulation to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of interventions for mastitis control during the dry period in UK dairy herds

108 Research paper – Collineau – 2016 – Guidance on the Selection of Appropriate Indicators for Quantification of Antimicrobial Usage in Humans and Animals


Drinking water medication: beware of interference

Prevention of (blue-green) algae in drinking water sources

Why and how to prevent biofilm formation in drinking water pipes

How to ensure that good quality colostrum is fed?

Bring out slurry and manure – but avoid spreading of pathogens

Use of Thermal Imaging to Diagnose Lameness

Genomic selection for profit and antibiotic reduction

Genomic selection

Castration of beef calves

Monitoring microclimate parameters in dairy farms

Farm Innovation Selective Dry Cow by Eurodairy

Farm Innovation DANMAP by DANMAP

Research report – Escobar – 2013 – Projecting Social Science into Defra’s Animal Welfare Evidence Base A Review of current research and evidence base on the issue of farmer behaviour

Aim for zero antibiotics by 3 step approach

Buffer solution for stabilization rumen fermentation

Farm Innovation Guidance notes 2013 by IDF

Farm Innovation Guidance notes by IDF

Industry Innovation Ontvangst Kalveren by LTO calf group

Industry Innovation KalfOK by ZuivelNL

Research paper: Biosensors for on-farm diagnosis of mastitis

Research paper A longitudinal field trial assessing the impact of feeding waste milk containing antibiotic residues on the prevalence of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in calves

Research paper Antimicrobial consumption on Austrian dairy farms: an observational study of udder disease treatments based on veterinary medication records

Research paper Modelling concentrations of antimicrobial drugs: comparative pharmacokinetics of cephalosporin antimicrobials and accuracy of allometric scaling in food-producing and companion animals

Research paper A cross‑sectional study of suckling calves’ passive immunity and associations with management routines to ensure colostrum intake on organic dairy farms

Research paper Consumption of Antimicrobials in Pigs, Veal Calves, and Broilers in The Netherlands: Quantitative Results of Nationwide Collection of Data in 2011

Research paper Effects of Reducing Antimicrobial Use and Applying a Cleaning and Disinfection Program in Veal Calf Farming: Experiences from an Intervention Study to Control Livestock-Associated MRSA

Farm Innovation GERM MAP free colostrum by Flandres Animal Health

Farm Innovation PDCA by Inagro ILVO

Farm Innovation Antibiotic guidance by AMCRA

Research paper The impact of dairy cows’ bedding material and its microbial content on the quality and safety of milk – A cross sectional study of UK farms

Farm Innovation Ecoantibio by French Agricultural Ministry

Research paper Quantitative assessment of antimicrobial resistance in livestock during the course of a nationwide antimicrobial use reduction in the Netherlands

Research paper Antimicrobial use policy change in preweaned dairy calves and its impact on antimicrobial resistance in commensal Escherichia coli: a cross sectional and ecological study by Afema, J.A., Davis, M.A. and W.M. Sischo 2019 BMC Microbiology 19: 217 (14p.) in Significant Impact Group(s): AMU reduction strategies \ Legislation and incentives ; Prudent use AB

Farm Innovation Targeted mastitis treatment by The Danish Dairy Board in Significant Impact Group(s): Pathogen management \ Managing sick animals \ Targeted use of antibiotics ; AMU reduction strategies

Soil bacteria by Pruex

Use of pasteurized and acidified milk in calves nutrition

Health Benefits of Monitoring Rumination

Early Mastitis Detection in Robotic Milkers Reduces Antibiotic Use

Automatic Feeding in Dairy Cows

Artificial Calf Feeding for Good Health

Outdoor Autumn Calving System on a UK dairy farm

Antibiotic use monitoring and benchmarking

Mastitis reduction in an indoor-housed herd

Preventing and treating respiratory disease in calves

Improving calf housing with polycarbonate calf pen sections

Guidelines for antimicrobial resistance from the dairy sector

The care of young dairy animals

Best practice recommendations regarding cleaning and disinfection

Best practice recommendations regarding entrance control

WEBINAR: Management of calves from birth to weaning

Automatic spray system of Animal Life Plus

Paratuberculosis control requires a national plan

Practical aspects of milking dairy cows

Vaccination of calves as a disease prevention

Sensor technology and data monitoring in dairy cows

Handling of dead animals: Hydrolysis

Support the calf to obtain better vaccination results

Optimal housing for healthy and less stressed dairy cattle

The influence of low temperature on dairy cows

Optimal housing conditions for sheep

Umbilical cord healing

Prevention of lameness in dairy herds

The transition period of the dairy cow

Sieplo’s FEEDR

Cleaning and disinfecting on poultry, pig and dairy farms

Coating surfaces in poultry, pig and dairy farms

Optimizing water quality on poultry, pig and dairy farms

Pest prevention on poultry, pig and dairy farms

Colostrum management protocol for calves

The right working method: Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

DISARM Farm Health Plans – Join Us!

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 817591