Biosecurity measures help to prevent the entry and spread of infectious diseases on farms. Good biosecurity can help improve animal health and productivity and prevent costly disease outbreaks on farms.
Diseases are caused by pathogens (e.g. bacteria, viruses) which spread by direct or indirect contact or transmission. Direct transmission occurs through contact between animals, between animals and people, droplets from sneezing or coughing, and bodily fluids. Indirect transmission can occur from contaminated machinery, equipment and tools, feed and water, and pest or insect vectors. These mechanisms for disease spread can be interrupted by using appropriate biosecurity measures to protect the health and wellbeing of the animals on your farm. Good biosecurity measures and protocols form a solid foundation for a high health system and a productive farm.