DISARM will share information about improving the health of sheep reared for dairy and meat, primarily focusing on grazing systems. Farm characteristics, management practices and animal health challenges differ from farm to farm, so our multi-actor farm health team approach aims to develop tailored action plans for individual farms.

Sheep are at risk of several health problems which often require antibiotic treatments including blowfly strike, lameness-causing foot lesions, respiratory disease, E. coli infections (watery mouth), mastitis, etc. Pre- and post-natal care, hygiene and vaccinations can be key to preventing health issues in sheep. You can learn more about potential health risks on your farm and possible solutions by joining us at our events and workshops or accessing our resource materials which include a database of cutting-edge research and innovations, an online discussion group, short reports and informative videos.

DISARM will also work with other livestock sectors including cattle, pigs and poultry. There are commonalities across animal health risks and preventive measures. We believe working together to learn across species and sectors is a valuable way to improve animal health in livestock farming and reduce the need for antibiotic treatments.

Vaccination for the control and eradication of disease

429 DRYSIST by OPP Group & Castañe (Industry Innovation)

426 – Toward innovative tools of intervention and decision aid to control mammary infections in small ruminants breeding (Research paper – Cremoux – 2018)

411 – Passive immunisation an old idea revisited – Basic principles and application to modern animal production systems (Research paper – Hedegaard – 2016)

405 – Code of Good Practice Regarding the Responsible Prescribing and Use of Antibiotics in Farm Animals by Irish Farmers IFA and Veterinary Practitioners (Tools & Checklists)

How to take a good water sample for lab analysis?

Best Practice Guide: Prudent use of Antibiotics

Best Practice Guide: Vaccination Protocols

Best Practice Guide: Youngstock Management and Early Rearing

Best Practice Guide: Water Quality

Best Practice Guide: Precision Livestock Technologies

Best Practice Guide: Optimal Housing

Best Practice Guide: External biosecurity

Best Practice Guide: Internal Biosecurity

363 Healthy lambs by Idele (Tools & Checklists)

322 – Antimicrobial Resistance on Farms – A Review Including Biosecurity and the Potential Role of Disinfectants in Resistance Selection (Research paper – Davies – 2019)

312 – To prescribe or not to prescribe A factorial survey to explore veterinarians decision making when prescribing antimicrobials to sheep and beef farmers (Research paper – Doidge – 2019)

303 – Antimicrobial Usage and -Resistance in Livestock – Where Should We Focus (Research paper – Magouras – 2017)Research paper – Magouras – 2017

302 – Quantifying the beliefs of key players in the UK sheep industry on the efficacy of two treatments for footrot (Research paper – Winter – 2018)

301 – Footrot and interdigital dermatitis in sheep_ farmer satisfaction with current management their ideal management and sources used to adopt new strategies (Research paper – Wassink – 2010)

300 – The combined use of ozone therapy and autologous platelet-rich plasma as an alternative approach to foot rot treatment for sheep – A preliminary study (Research paper – Szpondera – 2017)

292 – How Does Reviewing the Evidence Change Veterinary Surgeons Beliefs Regarding the Treatment of Ovine Footrot – A Quantitative and Qualitative Study (Research paper – Higgins – 2013)

291 – Looking after the individual to reduce disease in the flock – A binomial mixed effects model investigating the impact of individual sheep management (Research paper – Green – 2007)

244 Time to Vaccinate_ The importance of preventive health and vaccination programmes in ruminant production by MSD Animal Health (Industry Innovation)

225 Developing integrated livestock breeding and management strategies to improve animal health product quality and performance in European organic and low input milk (Industry Innovation)

221 Key actors in driving behavioural change in relation to on-farm biosecurity – A Northern Ireland perspective (Research paper – Lahuerta-Marin, 2018)

215 SHAWG – Industry guidance document for veterinary surgeons and farmers on responsible use of antibiotics in sheep by The Sheep Health and Welfare Group SHAWG (Tools & Checklists)

206 – Study on the antibiotic resistance of strains of staphylococcus aureus isolated from animals with contagious ecthyma (Research paper – Mesteaanu – 2018)

205 – The prevalence of salmonlla serotypes in domestic and wild animals and their spatial distribution in Romania between 2015 and 2016 (Research paper – Neghirla – 2018)


180 Sales of veterinary antimicrobial agents in 30 European countries in 2016. Trends from 2010 to 2016 8th ESVAC report by European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimic (Industry Innovation)

164 EPRUMA Best-practice framework for the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals in the EU – Reaching for the next level by EPRUMA (Tools & Checklists)

163 Best-practice framework for the use of vaccines in animals by EPRUMA – European Platform for the Responsible Using of Medicines in Animals (Tools & Checklists)

131 EMA and EFSA Joint Scientific Opinion on measures to reduce the need to use antimicrobial agents in animal husbandry in the European Union (Research report – EMA EFSA, 2017 )

121 Antimicrobial Stewardship in Food Animals in Canada_ Progress on Recommendations and Stakeholder Activities by National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Council (Industry Innovation)

118 FAAST- Farmed Animal Antimicorbial Stewardship Veterinary Reference Manual by ACER Consulting and Ontario Veterinary Medical Association ( Industry Innovation)

Drinking water medication: beware of interference

Prevention of (blue-green) algae in drinking water sources

Why and how to prevent biofilm formation in drinking water pipes

Bring out slurry and manure – but avoid spreading of pathogens

Genomic selection

95 DANMAP by DANMAP (Farm Innovation)

94 Projecting Social Science into Defra’s Animal Welfare Evidence Base – A Review of current research and evidence base on the issue of farmer behaviour (Research report; Escobar and Buller, 2013)

Aim for zero antibiotics by 3 step approach

86 Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains in Swiss Pigs and Their Relation to Isolates from Farmers and Veterinarians (Research paper; Kittl, 2020)

55 Attitudes and perceptions of Dutch veterinarians on their role in the reduction of antimicrobial use in farm animals (Research paper; Speksnijder, 2015)

50 Determinants Associated with Veterinary Antimicrobial Prescribing in Farm Animals in the Netherlands: A Qualitative Study (Research paper; Speksnijder, 2014)

42 Antibiotic guidance by AMCRA (Farm Innovation)

34 Ecoantibio by French Agricultural Ministry (Farm Innovation)

Sheep wellbeing – a holistic approach to management

Best practice recommendations regarding cleaning and disinfection

Best practice recommendations regarding entrance control

Paratuberculosis control requires a national plan

Buying a sheep without health hazards

advance preparation for lambing

Adequate feeding of the lamb

Control of footrot in sheep 

Handling of dead animals: Hydrolysis

Colostrum management in lambs

The prevention and control of mastitis in sheep

Enterotoxemia in sheep and lambs

Optimal housing conditions for sheep

Umbilical cord healing

Sieplo’s FEEDR

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 817591